Inflammatory bowel disease is known to be a disorder which affects the intestines causing severe cases of chronic inflammation in the digestive tract , read this article to know the main and basic information about this disease .
The main two reasons for the occurrence of this disease is genetics and problems with the immunity .if someone in your family has the disease then you are most likely to have it too . moreover, people who get this disease have problems with the immune system as the body cells start attacking itself causing the inflammation in the digestive system.
The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA) stated that 1.6 million people in the United States have this disease. There are different important factors that you should be aware of if you have this disease. the most important one is to limit the number of times you smoke as it can worsen the inflammation and increase the pain .
The symptoms of crohn’s disease varies as follows; diarrhea, this happens due to the fact that the inflamed parts of the bowel aren’t capable of reabsorbing water. Bloating and stomachache, anemia ,weight loss and bleeding ulcers which appears in the form of bloody stool .Sometimes people suffer from consequences outside the digestive system like skin disorders and bones or joint plus eye inflammation.
What are the treatment options available ?
Anti-inflammatory drugs are considered the basin medication even though they have some side effects but they reduce the inflammation of the digestive system . Immune suppressants are another option as they work to adjust the disorder of the immune system in the body stopping it from attacking the cells which at the end causes inflammation. However they do have some side effects like rashes and infections.
Antidiarrheal drugs and Antibiotics are also useful in getting rid of the bacteria that causes the inflammation.
Its crucial that you alter your Lifestyle if you have this disease a it will help you control the side effects and the pain you must drink enough water and liquids and to avoid any dairy , you must also avoid any stress in your life and do plenty of exercise to feel better .you can also resort to vitamins and supplements to help you with the iron deficiency.as a precaution , you must have regular colonoscopy to monitor colon cancer .