The term doula refers to a woman who is trained to assist a pregnant woman and provide her with physical, emotional, and informational support before, during and after childbirth as well as help the members of the family prepare for, deliver, and take care of a new baby.
There are many types of doulas, each type has its own specialists but there are many doulas that are specialized in more than one service and here are some types of doulas.
Birth (Labor) Doula: This is the most common type of doulas. The main role of this doula is to help a mother and family during the process of labor and birth a newborn baby. This role includes mental and psychological motivation, teaching important information about the process of birth, massage and physical support during the labor, coaching through breathing strategies and labor position, bringing eater and food whenever necessary, and any other sort of non-medical aid to the laboring mother and her companion. Birth doulas begin to support the mother a few weeks before the birth of the baby to a few weeks after birth.
Postpartum (Postnatal) Doula: They help the mother in the days and weeks following the delivery of a new baby. They help in light housework, food preparation, and cleanup, usually per hour for however long they are desired. They can show the mother the best methods of breastfeeding and get him to sleep as well as other aspects of infant care such as bathing the baby.
Miscarriage Doula: when a woman gets pregnant she starts to experience great emotional and physiological changes. All these amazing feeling of having a new baby and these happy moments are turned into deep serious pain when the baby is miscarried. Miscarriage and loss doulas are always women who have experienced the same pain and have dealt with it themselves. So they are very good in giving the needed support to women and families handling theses losses. Plus the emotional, physical, and informational support they provide, they also provide light cleaning and cooking aid to the family.
Antepartum Doula: This doula’s job is to help during circumstances of a high-risk pregnancy. Usually, the mother is confined to bed so in such conditions antepartum doulas listen well to the pregnant woman and provide advice in bed rest, stress reduction activities, and the various complications during a high-risk birth. They can provide contacts and helpful information on training and support groups, and answer inquiries and issues with tenderness and experience