Many people play sports in some way or another, whether they are playing any sport as a hobby or they are professionals. Anytime people are exercising or playing a sport there is a chance they could get injured. Athletics aren’t without their risks of injuries. Although preventing injuries entirely from happening is impossible, a little knowledge can go a long way toward keeping you healthy and fit. Here are the most common sports injuries.
1. Knee Injuries: About 55% of all sports injuries are knee injuries. Knee injuries also make up 25% of problems treated by orthopedic surgeons. Knee injuries or Patellofemoral syndrome is caused by the kneecap repeatedly moving against the leg bone. This movement damages the kneecap’s tissues and causes pain. Basketball, cycling, swimming, football, volleyball and running are the most common sports where these injuries occur. Knee injuries are most common to affect runners, cyclists, tennis players, soccer, football, basketball, and volleyball players.
2. Shoulder Injuries: Shoulder injuries, including dislocations, sprains, and strains, make up 20% of all sports injuries. Shoulder injuries are caused by overuse. Sports that require overhead movement, like tennis, swimming, weightlifting, baseball, basketball, and volleyball are the most common culprits.
3. Tennis or Golf Elbow: Around 7% of all sports injuries are elbow injuries. Also called epicondylitis, tennis elbow is caused by a repetitive use of the elbow. They occur with the gradual degeneration of the epicondyle tendon of the elbow, resulting in inflammatory pain on either side of the elbow. The condition happens in 30- to 60-year-olds.
4. Hamstring Strains: They typically affect athletes who run or perform high impact moves that are absorbed by the hamstring muscles, the long cord-like muscle that runs down the back of the leg. The pain is caused by tears in the muscles or tendons. Sometimes bruising can occur in pulled hamstrings. Activities like hurdling or falling forward while waterskiing are all common causes of a hamstring strain.
5. Concussion: Concussions are brain injuries that happen when there is a significant hit to the head. Concussions often include nausea, difficulty concentrating, loss of balance, dizziness, amnesia, disorientation, headaches, memory loss and other symptoms. Athletes who participate in contact sports like football, wrestling, hockey, boxing, and soccer most commonly get concussions. An athlete can handle one or 2 concussions but repeated concussions will cause permanent brain damage.