Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the colon and rectum. People who have this disease always feel worried about eating because food can cause painful symptoms. In fact, there are many foods that can make you feel worse, but by avoiding these foods and following the right diet it will be easier for you to manage this disease. In a study of 78 people with IBD published in June 2016 in Nutrition Journal, 68 of those interviewed said that diet affected their IBD. Seventy-two percent of the people changed their diets to improve symptoms by restricting foods such as dairy products, processed meats, and alcohol. In this article, we have compiled a list of common food trigger that you should avoid to manage ulcerative colitis symptoms.
1. Dairy Products: Dairy products are common food intolerance for people with ulcerative colitis. This happens because of lactose intolerance, the problem that affects many people. Lactose intolerance prevents you from properly digesting lactose because the small intestine lacks the digestive enzyme called lactase. Lactose intolerance doesn’t directly affect the large intestine or colon, but it can cause similar symptoms, such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, that can be mistaken for UC.
2. Dried peas, beans, and lentils: Legumes, including beans, lentils, and peas, are high-fiber, high-protein foods. Because of the indigestible sugars in beans, they’re also notorious for causing gas.
3. Nuts and Seeds: If you have ulcerative disease, it is always better to eat foods that easy to digest. So you have to avoid foods like nuts and seeds because the fiber in them is very hard to digest and can irritate the lining of your intestines
4. Whole grain bread, cereals, and pasta: Again, foods that contain lots of fiber tend to be difficult for people with UC to digest. Whole grain flour is high in fiber because it hasn’t had the germ or bran removed. During flare-ups, choose white bread and pasta made from enriched white flour. Flour is enriched when nutrients lost during the germ and bran removal process are replaced. Cereals like puffed rice, corn flakes, and cream of wheat are also low in fiber.
5. Carbonated Beverages: The fizz in carbonated beverages is carbonic acid, which can cause gas and cause the abdominal discomfort of an inflammatory bowel disease. Many soft drinks or carbonated energy drinks also contain caffeine, which can worsen diarrhea.