Diabetes is emerging as a common disease in both western world and developing counties. It is a major health disorder that can lead to many health problems including heart diseases, kidney aliments, glaucoma and even gout. Researchers are searching for answers that lead to concrete causes of diabetes and if it is a hereditary disease. In this article we will explain some main facts everyone should know about diabetes.
Diabetes is a condition that occurs when the body is not able to use the stored glucose in the body. So this leads the blood sugar or glucose levels in the body to become much higher than normal. When a person eats sugar or starchy foods they are breaks down into glucose which is then converted into energy with the help on insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, thus when the glucose in not absorbed that means that there is insufficient amount of insulin in the body or the insulin that produces is not utilized properly.
Thus the body becomes not able to use the energy from the food leading to thirst, tiredness, changes in weight and frequent urination. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile onset or insulin dependent diabetes and Type 2 diabetes, or adult onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes affects children and young adults, making them dependant on insulin injection to regain normal health. Regarding the hereditary risk for Type 1 diabetes, the fact is genes are passed on from parents to their children. So, when the child inherits the gene for Type 1 diabetes, he or she may develop it at some stage in their life. But if these genes are not existed, an individual will not develop type 1 diabetes.
On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes occurs in people over 40 years of age, who are overweight, have a family history of diabetes and unhealthy lifestyle. The chances of developing this type of diabetes depend on the number of people in your family with the condition. Also there are some other genetic disorders that their presence increases the risk of developing diabetes such as Down’s syndrome.
According to the statics, if both parents suffer from type 2 diabetes, the chance of their child to develop it is 25%. If the mother or father has type 2 diabetes before they are 50 years of age, the chances of their son or daughter to develop diabetes are 1 in 7 and if either of them develops it after they are 50, the chances of their sons and daughter to get it is 1 in 13.