Diabetes is very widespread nowadays. People who are suffering from this illness are increasing in number worldwide rapidly .what are the important basic things you need to know if you are diabetic or if you know someone who is ? read the article below for a quick guide in understanding diabetes .
The causes of diabetes are complicated and might vary from individual to the other .some people are at Risk due to family genetics or if there are family members who suffer or suffered from the illness .also if you suffer from excess weight or obesity you are most likely to be prone to diabetes. other factor include physical inactivity, age, race and environment or lifestyle ,like eating unhealthy food in large quantities.
Signs and symptoms vary from one person to another and sometimes they are not all present or obvious for a person to notice. Having regular checkups is the best way to detect any change in your blood sugar levels some symptoms may include unexplained weight loss, frequent infections, slow healing of wounds, vision problems and excessive thirst, urination and hunger.
Adhering to a healthy diet can help a lot in balancing the sugar in your blood levels thus controlling your diabetes. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) has provided guidelines for a diabetic diet. The ADA diet is a balanced, nutritious diet that is low in fat, cholesterol, and simple sugars. You have to focus on losing weight because this plays an important role in increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin, and this helps to control blood sugar elevations.
The main key in diabetes treatment is to balance the sugar in your blood level without lowering it. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin, exercise, and a diabetic diet. Type 2 diabetes is treated first with weight loss, a diabetic diet, and exercise. When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugars, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, treatment with insulin is considered.
If you are diabetic then you must perform regular medical checkups and you must learn how to monitor your glucose levels in the blood, ketone tests and foot care are also important. By controlling glucose and following a suitable treatment plan, patients can avoid complications such as chronic kidney failure sometimes leading to dialysis, blindness, amputation and diabetic coma.