Determining the disease stage or type is a very important step to be done before defining the required treatment plan. Knowing any disease nature, symptoms and cautions is so essential, so everything becomes so clear for the patient. Diabetes is like any other disease has different types that I will tell you about in this article.
As you know, diabetes is defined as increasing the rates of blood sugar levels due to producing less amount of insulin, sometimes the body produces no insulin at all and in other cases the body has a disability to use the insulin in the right way. That is why diabetes has three types and each type has its own reason and treatments.
Let’s start with type 1 which by the way has other names like, juvenile diabetes, insulin- dependant diabetes and autoimmune and I will tell you why it has more than one name, but let me first tell you what is the nature of this type. Type 1 diabetes happens when the body is unable to produce insulin at all and for sure because of the very high levels of blood sugar in this case, the patient is required to take an insulin injection daily and that is why it’s called insulin-dependant diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes presents only 10% of diabetes in general and in most cases the patients are so young sometimes they are only 14 years old or even younger and that leads us to why it’s called juvenile diabetes. It’s also called autoimmune, because in type 1, the immune system destroys the beta cells that are produced by the pancreas, yes, in this case it fights instead of protecting. The general symptoms of type 1 diabetes are, frequent urination, frequent feeling of thirst, exhaustion, weight loss and a constant feeling of hunger.
Now, it’s time to talk about the second type which is type 2 diabetes, this type is different from type 1 because in this case the body produces insulin but the body is unable to use the insulin properly and that is what causes the rising levels of blood sugar levels in this type. Type 2 diabetes presents about 90% of diabetes world wide, in most cases the patients are above 40 years old and this is why they call it adult onset diabetes. What makes this type different from type 1 is that the daily insulin injections aren’t a must here and that is why it’s called non-insulin dependant diabetes as well.
The main reasons behind type 2 diabetes are obesity, less physical activity, poor diet and family history. The symptoms of type 2 are so similar to type1 besides some other like, tingles in hands and feet and blurred vision, infections and wounds and cuts may take longer time to heal.
The third type is called the gestational diabetes, in most cases this type happens to pregnant women especially in the third trimester, the main reason behind this type is the hormonal changes that pregnant women witness during pregnancy time.
There are some general symptoms that are almost like type 1 symptom, but during pregnancy, symptoms like frequent urination could be so normal, so the best way to make sure you are safe is to run some tests. In most cases this type disappears after delivery, but in some cases it could be an alarm of developing type 2 diabetes, so you should pay good attention and stay updated by running the required tests again after you deliver.
Knowing diabetes types and nature will help you to figure out how to live with and how to a turn a negative disease into a good friend, yes, it’s possible to make diabetes a friend, just eat healthy, do some exercise, avoid smoking, stay fit and enjoy the benefits.