Being pregnant means that you are responsible for a growing baby and this requires you to change any unhealthy habits you have been used to do. In addition to the healthy nutrition and exercising you should also stop consuming anything that can be harmful to your baby’s health. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is one of the hazardous habits for your baby’s health.
Mothers who consume alcohol during pregnancy or nursing expose their baby to various health risks. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause a range of disorders from fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Fetal alcohol syndrome is a serious condition which causes mental retardation and physical birth defects. Children born with fetal alcohol syndrome have abnormal features, growth retardation, and mental disabilities.
Facial abnormalities are likely to happen between the tenth and twentieth weeks of pregnancy and small eye openings, a thin upper lip, and a smooth philtrum are some of these facial abnormalities. Fetal alcohol syndrome can also cause damage to the central nervous system and to the brain.
Children who are born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders generally do not show the abnormal facial features like with fetal alcohol syndrome. Children who show some of the development issues of fetal alcohol syndrome are recognized as experiencing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Pregnant women who drank alcohol during pregnancy are exposed to an increased risk of preterm births, according to a recent study of over 3,000 pregnant women. Many women are asking if there is a safe level of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. But in fact, no dose is safe, so the best thing is to not consume alcohol at all during your pregnancy. Moreover, a study published in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research has shown that light to moderate alcohol consumption during the second or third trimester can cause IQ drops in children of between two and seven points.
FAS and FASD birth defects and all the possible risks that can happen due to the pregnant women consumption of alcohol can be prevented if a woman stops drinking alcohol. Any woman who is trying to convince should not drink alcohol. And if you suddenly find yourself pregnant with any advanced planning, you should immediately stop drinking alcohol. A quick look at the chart of illnesses associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome should be enough for any responsible expectant mother to stop drinking any alcohol beverages during the nine months of her pregnancy.