Whether you have genetic susceptibility to skin cancer or not, you should make regular self-examinations to the sun exposed skin and even the hidden spots to avoid such a disease. Every few months, you should examine your arms, face, neck, chest, trunk, and the soles and fingers of your hands and feet.
The skin cancer is a result of certain mutations in the DNA of skin’s cells stimulating such cells to grow unhealthily. The direct causes for such a disease can be a combination of conditions such as the excessive exposure to the ultraviolet radiation of sun, toxins, eczema, arsenic, and acne in addition to a weakness in the immune system. Actually, the less melanin skin has less protection from the ultraviolet radiation, but any skin with any color can be affected by such a disease.
Whenever you experience a hurting or bleeding spot or sore for more than 4 weeks, you should let the doctor examine your skin and define your disease. When you see brown or flesh-colored lesions like scars or waxy or pearly bumps in the sun-exposed parts of your body, you should visit a doctor to see if you are affected with basal cell carcinoma. You should treat such type of cancer in its first stage to avoid disfigurement.
The melanoma skin cancer affects men and women with light and dark-tone skin in the hidden areas, especially legs. To avoid such a type of cancer you should visit a doctor whenever you see brown spots with surrounding dark speckles, moles that change their colors or size, or brown lesions around your fingers or mouth. The non-melanoma skin cancer appears in the upper and middle layers of skin (epidermis and dermis); so, it is common and easy to discover.
When you visit a doctor, he will examine your skin carefully to define if you have skin cancer or any other disease. If he diagnoses the disease as a skin cancer, he will need a sample to define the type, extent, and stage of the disease
Like several diseases, the symptoms of skin cancer are confusing; so, the existence of such symptoms doesn’t mean necessarily that that you suffer from the disease, but you should consult a doctor regularly especially if you have a personal or family history of skin cancer. To avoid such a disease, you should avoid the tanning beds and direct sun from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. or wear protective clothes and sunscreen.